Agricultural Marketing in India

By | June 7, 2017
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Agricultural Advertising in India

* G.JAYALAKSHMI

Introduction

            The significance of selling in agriculture may be very effectively illustrated by saying, ” good farmer has one eye on the plough and the opposite in the marketplace”. That is true when agriculture is principally for subsistence; and now, even Indian agriculture is turning into commercialized. In today of economic agriculture, it will likely be more healthy to say, “a very good farmer has solely his palms on the plough however the eyes in the marketplace

Since agriculture constitutes a significant a part of the economic system, advertising and marketing of agricultural merchandise additionally assumes appreciable significance in our context.

            Marketed surplus is the quantity of agricultural produce that is delivered to the marketplace for sale after what’s retained by the producers for their very own consumption. Therefore it will likely be lower than complete manufacturing.  It’s troublesome to provide an accurate estimation of marketed surplus, because it differs based on crop, place, season and basic state of the economic system.

            Advertising finance can be necessary because the small producer will expertise problem in ready for fee from the whole-sale purchaser, if the time lag is just too lengthy.

            Correct storage and dealing with services are necessary as a result of in any other case, the produce will perish and grow to be unmarketable and unusable.

Indian Farmers and Advertising Disabilities:

The current system of agricultural advertising and marketing will not be well-organized and the farmers must rely largely on the middlemen for the disposal of the farm’s yield who don’t have any hesitation in profiting from the farmer’s dependence upon them.

The true evil is the tendency of those intermediaries who exploit the ignorance and helplessness of the farmers to extend their very own revenue.  The malpractices within the current system of agricultural advertising and marketing are very well-known.  The Rural Credit score Survey Committee described the place as follows:

           

“whereas requirements of selling have improved, in a lot of the comparatively few regulated markets which have been established, various malpractices nonetheless exist even in them since personnel and enforcement are two nice issues, not all the time sufficiently attended to, a lot much less solved.

 Typically, the malpractices take recent lease of unauthorized life simply outdoors the market, for the non-public pursuits are robust, the benefits of evading strict regulation are many and the producer is in no place to hunt eventual benefit and safety from regulation at the price of the quick drawback concerned within the lack of highly effective clients, that are additionally sources of credit score and finance.  Furthermore, there’s a very nice lacuna that no management in any respect is exercised over village gross sales, wherein the first producer is actually, legally and in follow on the mercy of the village dealer”.

           

Ceaselessly giant samples are additionally taken by the patrons with fee.  The cultivators will not be paid for them even when no sale is affected. Typically the transactions happen on a pattern foundation.  Consequently, the producer doesn’t get the total price of his produce.  The popularity of Indian agricultural producers on this planet market is low.

           

The villagers have virtually no contact with the skin world not are they in contact with the development of market course of they usually largely rely upon rumour studies obtained type the village bania who’s all the time busy in incomes income from patrons by making them fools to the ignorant villagers.

In India, the next are a number of the frequent defects agricultural advertising and marketing:

1. Lack of group,

2. Compelled gross sales,

three. Presence of middlemen,

four. Quite a few market costs,

 5. Market malpractices,

6. Lack of normal weights and measures,

7. Insufficient storage,

 eight. No standardization of value and high quality,

9. Lack of selling finance, and

10. Need of correct market data.

Requisites of excellent advertising and marketing

Within the first place the standard of produce ought to be good. Good high quality can fetch higher value and confidence which might be assumed by utilizing finest seeds, by adopting right strategies of harvesting , by grading the product by storing it effectively and avoiding malpractices like adulteration and misrepresentation and many others.

The second important of excellent advertising and marketing is the endurance of the vendor. Due to this fact, the agriculturists might have the endurance to promote in order that they might get higher costs after the harvest. The peasant ought to, subsequently, have sufficient reserve to pay land income and assembly different wants.

The third important of a very good advertising and marketing is the nice technique of communication and transport services.

Fourthly, there ought to be carried out markets at handy distance, and lastly, good advertising and marketing eliminates exploitation of the vendor and scale back the variety of intermediaries.

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